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Hope for peace and stability in South Sudan has been restored, a peace pact – the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) – between the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement and the Army in Government (SPLM/A-IG) and the SPLM/A in opposition (SPLM/A-IO), represented respectively by President Salva Kiir Mayardit and First Vice-President Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, has been signed. The agreement, signed on 17 August 2015 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and on 26 August 2015 in Juba, South Sudan, was ratified by the South Sudanese National Assembly on 10 September 2015. The deal aimed to end the deadly civil war that erupted in December 2013 in South Sudan after power struggles between Kiir and Machar and accusations of attempted coup by the former against the latter. In a statement, U.S. National Security Advisor Susan Rice said achieving lasting peace “will require the commitment and determination of all parties to the conflict.” Overall, building trust, cooperation and cooperation between parties in the implementation of the R-ARCSS will be the main success factor. While it is generally accepted that, in protracted and persistent conflicts, wary parties often sign peace agreements under political pressure to end human suffering, the peacemaking process is often an opportunity not only to strengthen and strengthen neglected or imperfect provisions of the peace pact, but also to detoxify political relations, change political attitudes and restore unity of intention. Therefore, the commitment of R-ARCSS parties to invest in attitudes, institutions and structures that strengthen positive peace and build resilience from conflict in South Sudan will be essential. Leaders, in collaboration with all parties concerned, must strive to preserve the main pillars of positive peace — that is, a well-functioning Government, democracy and the rule of law, an enabling environment for the economy, an equitable distribution of resources and the development of human capital. Most importantly, the ability to establish and enable structures and systems to promote peace, to prevent and peacefully resolve future conflicts, will be fundamental to the implementation of R-ARCSS. .

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Posted on October 8th, 2021 | filed under Uncategorized | Trackback |

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