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Pakistan`s concessions to China have been largely kept out of public opinion in Pakistan. The negative press, as it existed in Pakistan, was put aside comfortably. It was also forgotten that the term used in the May 1962 joint communiqué, “the territory whose defence is Pakistan`s responsibility,” in the Agreement of 02 March 1963, was appropriately amended as a “contiguous area under Pakistan`s own control” to conceal disproportionate concessions to Pakistan to China. The fact that there are also cards distributed by the two countries that represent this border under the agreement, differences [map 3], was highlighted in the Indian “pamphlet” cited above. Of course, these discrepancies have been corrected now [map 4], but the falsity of the Pakistani assertion can be clearly noticed in these maps. It is interesting to note that Bhutto, invoking Article VI of the 1963 agreement, had told the UN Security Council that, following the events leading up to the China-Pakistan agreement in 1963, it is clear that China began to assert its territorial claims at the borders of the State of Jammu in the late 1950s. On January 23, 1959, Chinese Prime Minister Zhou En-Lai made such statements in his letter to then-Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. By 1953, Chinese troops had begun to enter areas of eastern Hunza. In October 1959, Pakistani media reported the illegal intrusion of Chinese troops into those countries claimed by the Mir von Hunza. From there, the troops made some cattle, which led the then Pakistani Foreign Minister to react strongly and declare that Pakistan would defend its borders by all means. In the late 1950s, as india-China relations deteriorated sharply, then-Pakistan President Ayub Khan felt an opportunity to appease China to compensate for the deterioration of relations with India with the outside world. Faced with Chinese intrusion into the Hunza Valley, he decided to open a line of communication with Beijing to discuss the issue of borders. As recently as 1938-39, the Indian government reaffirmed its position in Shaksgam, after Mir von Hunza was advised in 1936 to stop exchanging gifts with the Chinese and relinquishing its rights to Rasad.

This is why, in 1947, independent India inherited a border as the Indian territory of Hunza and the trans-karakorum wing of Shaksgam, which runs along the Mustagh-Aghil-Qara Tagh-Kun Lun Mountains. This line was compromised by Pakistan in its “agreement” with the Chinese in 1963. By yielding to China`s claim to a border along the Karakorum Range, Pakistan not only endangered India`s position along the Kun Lun Range, northwest of the Karakorum Pass, but also gave the Chinese the chance to deny Kun Lun as India`s border with China east of karakorum and instead assert that it was working. Along Karakorum beach. As such, China`s claims in the trans-karakorum corridors west of the Karakorum Pass had absolutely nothing to do with its position east of the pass, as it had no historical presence in the Aksai Chin region. Similarly, the feeder, which extends along the southern periphery of eastern tourkestan, connects Gilgit to Aksai-Chin and narrows the gap between the two regions by more than 800 miles. China`s ability to control the northern valleys of Gilgit-Baltistan has helped link military and industrial complexes in northwestern Tibet to Pakistani and Persian ports. Following the 1963 agreement, the Indian government reiterated its deep concern at the Chinese government`s insistence on continuing its arbitrary and illegal efforts to “locate and harmonize” the border between China and the illegally occupied territories of Pakistan` Kashmir.

Posted on December 16th, 2020 | filed under Uncategorized |

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