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It was defeated only after the death of the two former legatees Gonzaga and Seripando (2 and 17 March) and replaced by cardinals Giovanni morone and Bernardo Navagero. Morone, the best diplomat who was at the time at the disposal of the Curia and who had the full confidence of the Pope, became the saviour of the Council. Shortly after his arrival in Trento, he went to the emperor`s house in Innsbruck, allaying his fears that the Pope would not want a reform of the Church or the continuation of the Council. In the meantime, the Pope assured the King of Spain, in several personal letters, that he was determined to sue the Council, to confirm and implement his decisions, in short to “do all that a good pope and a good Christian can and must do.” This put an end to the interference of the lay states in the affairs of the Council. At Trent himself, Cardinal Morone`s diplomatic skill succeeded in convincing Cardinal Guise to find a compromise that involved a simple omission of the most important point of doctrinal controversies, the ius divinum of the epistle. These princes, although their influence on the Council was enormous, were not directly involved in its decision-making, nor was anyone else outside the higher clergy. In his trial, Trent was more like the papal councils of the High Middle Ages than in Constance or Basel. The frankness belonged only to the “Fathers” of the Council, that is to say to the bishops present – not to their proktors – and to the generals of the begging orders. The presiding officers were the envoys appointed by the Pope. They were allowed to set the agenda, although each bishop was free to ask for the registration of any proposal that fell to him. This settlement encountered few serious difficulties when the fundamental compromise between the positions of the Pope and the Emperor was accepted: that questions of dogma and questions of reform are dealt with simultaneously.

Period I. The Council can be divided into three periods. Period I under Paul III consisted of sessions 1 to 8 (From December 13, 1545 to March 11, 1547), held in Trento. The Sovereign Pontiff de affirmed an epidemic of typhoid fever and, despite the opposition of the 27 Habsburg bishops who remained in Trento, had the Council transferred to Bologna, in the papal states. Sessions 9 and 10 (April 21 and June 2, 1547) did not issue doctrinal or disciplinary decrees and, after the General Assembly of 29 February 1548, the Council was suspended. In later periods, the Council returned to Trento. During the first period, the number of participants ranged from about 30 to 70 prelates per meeting; In total, there were about 100 members with an advisory voice: 5 cardinals, 12 archbishops, 76 bishops, 3 abbots and 6 generals of religious orders, as well as two prosecutors of absent German bishops, who had only one advisory voice.

Posted on December 6th, 2020 | filed under Uncategorized |

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